The prophecy attests to micahs deep sensitivity to the social ills of his day, especially as they affected the small towns and villages of his homeland. The length of micahs public activity may have been about 20 to 25 years. For example, micah taught that the sins of the leaders of israel would result in the destruction of. Micah was from moresheth gath, located some 25 miles southwest of jerusalem on the border of judah and philistia, near gath. Micahs writings address the themes of judgment and hope. Outline of the book of micah he hath showed thee, o man, what is good. Jesus christ referred to micah when he visited the book of mormon peoples after his resurrection. Micah 4 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. This book makes clear from its opening verse to its closing verse that everything that is shared in this prophecy is from the lord alone.
The lord, the judge who scatters his people for their sins, is also the shepherdking who in covenant. Micah 1 the word of the lord that came to micah of moresheth during the reigns of jotham, ahaz and hezekiah, kings of judahthe vision he saw concerning samaria and jerusalem. First, it provides a point of comparison with the major prophetic book of isaiah. During the time of the minor prophets, the nation of israel had divided into two separate countries, each with its own government. However, micah also eloquently stated that heavenly father hears the prayers of his children and that jesus christ is an advocate for and a light unto all see micah 7. The book of hosea consists of fourteen chapters, which was the record for a minor prophet until zechariah tied it a couple centuries later. Welcome to a rich, challenging, and wonderful study of the book of micah one of the books of the lords word. Micah s writings address the themes of judgment and hope. Micah lived around the same time as the prophet isaiah, who lived in the much larger and more important city of jerusalem. Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of the old testament, and the gospels and acts in the new testament.
Micah 1, new international version niv the bible app. Book of micah simple english wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The book of micah synthesis and highlights of the book i. This is part of a series on micah and the hope that he pronounced. Book of micah overview insight for living ministries. The book of micah is the sixth book of the 12 minor prophets. The prophecy attests to micahs deep sensitivity to the social ills of his day, especially as they affected the small towns and villages of. The first stage was the collection and arrangement of some spoken sayings of the. The book of micah was likely written between 735 and 700 b. Intro to micah biblica the international bible society. Micah prophesied during the days of jotham, ahaz and hezekiah, kings of judah micah 1. The micah who speaks in this prophetic book knows the tradition that zion is the lords chosen place, but he is critical of the popular view that this election ensures the citys security 2. Micah presented these messages of hope to motivate his audience towards repentance and encourage their faith in yahweh. The book of micah is the sixth in order of the socalled minor prophets.
It seems that the name micah has been shortened from the longer whykm. The book predicts the fall of samaria, which occurred in 722, but concerns more especially the sins and dangers of jerusalem in the days of hezekiah around 700. The book of micah chapter 1 was written near the time of the demise of the northern kingdom in 722 b. Micah 1 king james version kjv 1 the word of the lord that came to micah the morasthite in the days of jotham, ahaz, and hezekiah, kings of judah, which he saw concerning samaria and jerusalem. Micahs name encapsulates the theme of the book, who is like yahweh. Many scholarly books and articles on micah have been published since. Remember the chapter divisions are artificial but even still the diagram enables us to get a good overview of the book and gods purpose. Following the fall of the northern kingdom, micah prophesied to the southern. Mar 14, 2009 the ministry of the prophet micah began during the reign of the judean king jotham 750732 and lasted until the reign of hezekiah 729686. An advent service plan focused on introducing the book of micah with not only the judgment, but also the hope and grace pronounced by micah, which we are reminded of during advent.
With this additional short summary of the book of micah you can discover the people, places and stories detailed in this holy scripture. The word of the lordcame to micah the lord indeed came to micah. Ostensibly, it records the sayings of micah, whose name is mikayahu hebrew. Let the lord god be witness against you, the lord from his holy temple. Micah 1 niv bible the word of the lord that came to micah. Micah prophesied during the reigns of the judean kings jotham 750735 b. The theme that resounds throughout this book is the mercy of which gods people are assured despite their faithlessness, especially the faithlessness of their. Micah 3 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on. The savior uses micah to show the future gentiles what would happen if they did not repent. Here again, you can see the emotion of god through the prophets words. For example, micah taught that the sins of the leaders of israel would result in the destruction of jerusalem see micah 3. In hebrew the book is titled hkym after the prophet to whom it was given.
The author of the book of micah was the prophet micah micah 1. The main theme of the book is gods judgment and redemptionboth are there. On the one hand, the prophecies announce judgment upon israel for social evils, corrupt. The contribution of the book of micah is at least threefold.
Facebook is showing information to help you better understand the purpose of a page. Micah is sixth in order of the twelve minor prophets. This would date his ministry generally to the time 7 bc, and the writing of the book just before the invasion and destruction. The ministry of the prophet micah began during the reign of the judean king jotham 750732 and lasted until the reign of hezekiah 729686. Following the fall of the northern kingdom, micah prophesied to the southern kingdom of judah. All of her idols will be smashed, all of her earnings will be burned with fire and all of her images i will make desolate, for she collected them from a harlots earnings, and to the earnings of a harlot they will return. Israel, the northern country consisting of ten tribes, and judah, the remaining two tribes in the south. This chapter is composed of three brief sections exposing the sins of the rulers of the people, the princes and judges micah 3. Micahs career began a little later than his contemporaries, isaiah and hosea isaiah 1. Micah also prophesied christ as king and christ reigning in righteousness. Little is known about the prophet micah beyond what can be learned from the book itself and fromjer 26.
It is next to the last of those prophets who prophesiedin the period of the assyrian s upremacy, which would be from the 9th. Transcribed and edited by david sielaff, july 20 read the accompanying. Judgment and restoration inspire fear and hope, two ideas wrapped up in the final sequence of micahs prophecy, a courtroom scene. The central passage in the book is micahs central message of hope for the future d. Commentary on the book of micah by matthew henry old. Micah was no doubt a prophet of god in eighth century bc israel. A reading resource on micah for ministers and teachers. Judgment and restoration inspire fear and hope, two ideas wrapped up in the final sequence of micah s prophecy, a courtroom scene. The book of micah is the sixth of the twelve minor prophets in the hebrew bible old testament. The following diagram shows how many times and where in micah words of comfort and hope are used compared to words of warning and judgment.
He lived during the reigns of yehotam, ahaz and hezekiah, roughly 750700 bc. The book of micah contains three prophecies concerning the remnant. The prophet micah and the remnant scripture thoughts. According to the superscription, this judaean prophet was active during the last half of the 8th century bc.
Little is known about the prophet micah beyond what can be learned from the book itself and from jer 26. Top 5 commentaries on the book of micah ligonier ministries. Like isaiah, micah told his people to repent of their sins and return to god. The theme of yahwehs relationship to his people as the metaphor of. He lived in a small village named moresheth, not far from the city of gath, which was destroyed by the assyrians when they invaded judah. In greek the book is titled micaias again after the prophet to whom it was given. Micah has many prophecies of jesus christ concerning christs birthplace he was a prophet of hope looking forward to the messiah, when he will reign and peace will cover the earth. That is, the book of micah is not the same thing as the person micah. Some, but not all, scholars accept that only chapters contain material from the late 8th century prophet micah. The theme that resounds throughout this book is the mercy of which gods people are assured despite their faithlessness, especially the faithlessness of their leaders. Rvic2000 american revised version, improved and corrected micah 700 the book of micah 1.
Micah 4 commentary, one of over 110 bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the church of christ, presents a verse level look at the bible. Through the prophetic voice, the lord announces the impending punishment of gods people by means of military defeat and exile. Chapter 1 verse 5 says micah was from moresheth a town in southern judah. He warned that this judgment was going to be enough to ruin the entire nation because the word of god told him so. Micah intro to micah biblica the international bible society. This summary of the book of micah provides information about the title, authors, date of writing, chronology, theme, theology, outline, a brief overview, and the chapters of the book of micah.
Micah 1 niv bible the word of the lord that came to. Living in this village, micah came into daily contact with the people who suffered most from the system of land tenure against which isaiah protested. Micah, a prophet, wrote the book in order to warn the sinful nations that judgment was coming from god. The author, micah, was of the town called moresheth which. The fifth of the minor prophets, dating from the late 700s b.
The message of the prophet micah contains dire warnings, but also hope of restoration for israel and all nations. Jotham and hezekiah were good kings, but ahaz was very wicked. The latest material comes from the postexilic period after the temple was rebuilt in 515 bc, so that the early 5th century bc seems to be the period when the book was completed. Scholars believe it was written by micah the prophet, about 700 years before jesus was born. The mountains will melt under him and the valleys will be split, like wax before the fire, like water poured down a steep place. This hope for future restoration is strengthened by the next most prominent passage in the book, the final passage a. See more ideas about bible verses, word of god and bible. The central passage in the book is micah s central message of hope for the future d. Micah 4 commentary james burton coffman commentaries on the. This question is the note on which the prophecy of micah ends, and it is also a rough translation of the very name micah. Micah s career began a little later than his contemporaries, isaiah and hosea isaiah 1. His ministry, unlike that of amos or hosea, overlapped the fall of the northern kingdom. The literary structure highlights micahs main themes of israels social sins, the moral.
On the one hand, the prophecies announce judgment upon israel for social evils, corrupt leadership and idolatry. Micah 1 kjv the word of the lord that came to micah. Welcome to a rich, challenging, and wonderful study of the book of micahone of the books of the lords word. This was about the same time as hosea and isaiah, though micah may have served somewhat later. As an outline will show, the message varies between condemnation for the present sins and gods purpose of ultimate. Much of micahs book revolves around two significant predictions. This book also contains a significant messianic prophecy 5. He prophesied the fall of israel and lived to witness it.
Matthew henry 18 october 1662 22 june 1714 was an english commentator on the bible, who published his works in 1706, sixvolume exposition of the old and new testaments 17081710 or complete commentary, provides an exhaustive verse by verse study of the bible, covering the whole of. The message of the book of micah is a complex mixture of judgment and hope. As is usually the case, we should keep in mind that there is a difference between a prophet and a prophetic book. Book of micah, the sixth of 12 old testament books that bear the names of the minor prophets, grouped together as the twelve in the jewish canon. Hear, you peoples, all of you, listen, earth and all who live in it, that the s.
This summary of the book of micah will help with many different forms of bible study. Micah 1 kjv the word of the lord that came to micah bible. Micah was from the town of moresheth, probably moresheth gath in southern judah. Much of micah s book revolves around two significant predictions.226 1319 474 575 756 1444 351 1328 1097 904 1230 1541 367 37 1521 135 265 1237 1114 983 1076 1455 337 546 703 1295 160 3 1452 181 40 887 5 646 1198